Anesthesia and special care
Anesthesia and special care
We provide 24/7 care to patients with potentially life-threatening conditions that require continuous monitoring by a multidisciplinary team. Such conditions include hemodynamic instability (blood pressure/hypertension), airway or artificial respiration (such as ventilator support), acute renal failure, potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmia, cumulative effects of multiple organ system failure, or even in the early hours. Therefore, major surgeries are performed when the patient is too unstable, so that the patient can be monitored more closely.
This field is technically resource intensive in medical care and integrates many different specialties and technologies, maintaining hope of survival for critically ill patients. The care provided in a specialized hospital unit called the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) requires commitment, precision and a simultaneous teamwork.
Medical emergencies are increasing every day. Every hospital in Iran faces an increasing number of acute cases in the form of trauma, medical, surgical, women’s and children’s emergencies, and hence the need for sufficient resources, including a well-equipped and advanced emergency room with agile doctors, paramedics and versatile staff nurses. Is.
Emergency care does not begin and end in the emergency room because emergencies can arise anywhere and everywhere, and hence the need to cover from pre-hospital care to patient transfer to critical care, the ICU. We offer a 24/7 service (7 days a week, 24 hours a day) and the intensive care area is managed by highly qualified consultants in intensive care.
What does an anesthesiologist do?
Anesthesiologists provide pain relief for ongoing conditions such as cancer or chronic pain. They work in operating rooms and help control pain during your surgery and treatment. They are specialists who provide medications and care to prevent severe pain. If necessary, they induce sleep during an operation. Before the surgery, the anesthesiologist meets with the patient and evaluates his medical condition, which allows them to prepare a plan for the surgery and also take into account the various needs of the patient. After surgery, they will be responsible for patient care while taking care of the effects of anesthesia. They also ensure that the patient is comfortable while recovering from surgery.
What are the types of anesthesia?
General anesthesia – used for major surgeries such as knee replacements and open heart surgery.
Supervised sedation – This type of anesthesia is usually used for minimally invasive procedures such as colonoscopy, and the level of sedation can range from mild drowsiness to complete anesthesia.
Regional anesthesia – This is commonly used during childbirth and local surgeries that are limited to a specific part of the body, such as a leg, arm, or abdomen. The affected part becomes numb and the patient is unaware of the pain.
Local anesthesia – Local anesthesia is used for minor procedures such as getting stitches or mole extraction. This procedure involves numbing a small area while the patient is awake and alert.
How is anesthesia performed?
General anesthesia relaxes the muscles in the respiratory and digestive tracts and prevents the passage of any acid or food into the stomach or lungs. The patient should avoid any kind of food or drink before the surgery according to the doctor’s order. Anesthesia is administered through an intravenous line in the arm. Sometimes anesthesia is performed through a gas mask. When the anesthesia is severe, the anesthesiologist inserts a tube down the throat, which ensures that you get enough oxygen and that the lungs are protected from blood and fluids. You will be given muscle relaxants before surgery to relax the muscles in the trachea. If necessary, the anesthesiologist adjusts medication, breathing, fluids, blood pressure, and temperature.
What are the four stages of anesthesia administration?
Stage 1: The administration stage occurs when the drug is administered and the patient begins to lose consciousness. The patient is currently in the amnesia phase.
Stage 2: This stage is known as the excitement stage, which occurs after the loss of consciousness. It is characterized by delusional activity. The heartbeat and breathing are irregular and there may be symptoms such as nausea, dilated pupils and shortness of breath.
Step 3- Surgical anesthesia helps muscles relax and slows breathing, eye movements slow down and eventually stop. This means that the patient is ready for surgery.
Stage 4 – The stage of overdose occurs only if the drug is prescribed excessively and can lead to the collapse of the heart and blood vessels and breathing.
What are the side effects of general anesthesia?
Some patients may experience side effects, while others may not. Side effects for general anesthesia include:
Confusion and temporary memory loss are common in the elderly
Bruising from IV site
Sore throat due to breathing tube
Side effects are not long-lasting and mostly appear immediately after the anesthesia wears off.
What can I expect after anesthesia surgery?
After the surgery is over, the anesthesiologist will reverse the medication and you will start to become conscious, but you won’t wake up. The patient is transferred to the recovery room